Enterprise Carrier Decommissioned

The U.S. Navy has decommissioned the world’s first nuclear powered aircraft carrier, USS Enterprise (CVN 65), during a ceremony held in the ship’s hangar bay on Friday at Newport News Shipbuilding.

The ceremony not only marked the end the ship’s nearly 55-year career, it also served as the very first decommissioning of a nuclear-powered aircraft carrier.

Capt. Todd Beltz, commanding officer of the Enterprise, addressed the ship’s company, former commanding officers and distinguished visitors and spoke of where the true spirit of “The Big E” comes from.

“For all that Enterprise represents to this nation, it’s the people that bring this ship to life,” said Beltz. “So as I stand in this ship that we all care so much about, I feel it’s appropriate to underscore the contributions of the thousands of Sailors and individuals that kept this ship alive and made its reputation. We are ‘The Big E.’”

Enterprise was the eighth naval vessel to carry the name. It was built by the Newport News Shipbuilding Co. and was christened Sep. 24, 1960, by Mrs. Bertha Irene Franke, wife of former Secretary of the Navy William B. Franke. The ship was put to sea in 1961 and safely steamed more than 1 million nautical miles on nuclear power over its entire career of more than 50 years. The ship aided in the Cuban Missile Crisis and operations Enduring Freedom and New Dawn, as well as naval maritime security operations.

Key-note speaker Rear Adm. Bruce Lindsey, commander, Naval Air Force, Atlantic, used his own experiences aboard Enterprise to emphasize the unmatched adaptability and capability of not just this ship but of all nuclear-powered aircraft carriers.

“One cannot influence world events if you are not on station and stay on station; in other words: to be where it matters, when it matters,” said Lindsey. “Nuclear carriers are tough and no other country can match us in this respect.”

Though Enterprise’s history is long and filled with a number of successful deployments, Beltz offered highlights from a letter written by Adm. James Holloway III, Enterprise’s third commanding officer, which looked toward the future of the namesake in the proposed construction of the ninth Enterprise, CVN 80.

“As this ship retires,” Beltz recited, “we know the memory will live beyond her and we–the Sailors, the shipbuilders, the supporters of Enterprise–we are that link to the next Enterprise.”

The first super carrier powered by nuclear reactors, USS Enterprise is also the first to undergo an inactivation, which includes defueling the ship’s eight reactors and preparing the hull for its final dismantlement.

Thx G-Captain for the story:

121008-N-NL401-013 STRAIT OF BAB AL MANDEB (Oct. 8, 2012) The aircraft carrier USS Enterprise (CVN 65) transits the Strait of Bab Al Mendeb. Enterprise is returning from a deployment to the U.S. 5th Fleet area of responsibility, where the ship conducting maritime security operations, theater security cooperation efforts and support missions for Operation Enduring Freedom. (U.S. Navy photo by Mass Communication Specialist 3rd Class Daniel Meshel/Released)

121008-N-NL401-013
STRAIT OF BAB AL MANDEB (Oct. 8, 2012) The aircraft carrier USS Enterprise (CVN 65) transits the Strait of Bab Al Mendeb. Enterprise is returning from a deployment to the U.S. 5th Fleet area of responsibility, where the ship conducting maritime security operations, theater security cooperation efforts and support missions for Operation Enduring Freedom. (U.S. Navy photo by Mass Communication Specialist 3rd Class Daniel Meshel/Released)

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China Welcomes Onlookers as Aircraft Carrier Skirts Japan

 

 

liaoning aircraft carrier

liaoning aircraft carrier

China’s Liaoning aircraft carrier pictured during its inauguration in September 2012. Photo: Simon Yang/CC BY-SA 2.0
reuters_logo1BEIJING, Dec 29 (Reuters) – If people want to come and look at China’s first aircraft carrier, they are very welcome, the defence ministry said on Thursday, brushing off encounters with the Japanese military as the carrier passed close to Japan this week.

The Soviet-built Liaoning, accompanied by several warships, this week travelled through the passage between the Japanese islands of Miyako and Okinawa and into the Pacific for what China has described as a routine exercise.

Japan said one of its Maritime Self Defense Force ships and a P3C patrol aircraft had spotted six Chinese naval vessels including the Liaoning travelling through the passage, and they also scrambled jets after a helicopter that took off from a Chinese frigate flew near Miyako Island.

China’s Kuznetsov-class aircraft carrier Liaoning sails the water in East China Sea, in this handout photo taken December 25, 2016 by Japan Self-Defence Force and released by the Joint Staff Office of the Defense Ministry of Japan. Joint Staff Office of the Defense Ministry of Japan/HANDOUT via REUTERS

China’s Kuznetsov-class aircraft carrier Liaoning sails the water in East China Sea, in this handout photo taken December 25, 2016 by Japan Self-Defence Force and released by the Joint Staff Office of the Defense Ministry of Japan. Joint Staff Office of the Defense Ministry of Japan/HANDOUT via REUTERS
Asked about the Liaoning’s encounters with Japanese ships and aircraft, Chinese defence ministry spokesman Yang Yujun said it was natural people wanted to look at something attractive.

“There is an expression in China – the love for beauty is common to all men,” Yang told a monthly news briefing.

“Our Liaoning is both mighty and pretty. If people are interested in it, they can look at it from afar, or peep at it. As long as they don’t break relevant laws and rules, or hinder navigational safety and freedom, we don’t care,” he said.

Yang declined to give details of the Liaoning’s mission. It also skirted self-ruled Taiwan, then sailed across the South China Sea to a base in the southern Chinese province of Hainan, according to Taiwan’s defence ministry.

However, Yang was less amused about pictures of China’s still-under-construction second aircraft carrier that surfaced on the internet this week, including on Chinese websites.

“I think that foreign reporters reporting in China must respect relevant laws and regulations,” he said when asked about the pictures, apparently implying that he believed it was a foreign reporter who took them. He did not elaborate.

China last December confirmed it was building a second aircraft carrier but its launch date has not been announced. The aircraft carrier programme is a state secret.

Yang said he had nothing he could reveal about the progress of construction of the second carrier.

China could build multiple aircraft carriers over the next 15 years, the Pentagon said in a report last year.

While the Liaoning has taken part in previous exercises, including in the South China Sea, but China is years away from perfecting carrier operations similar to those the United States has practised for decades.

(c) Copyright Thomson Reuters 2016.

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Navy Shows Off Autonomous Fleet

The U.S. Office of Naval Research took to the lower Chesapeake Bay recently to show off their new autonomous unmanned swarming boats.

The unmanned boats, mainly of rigid hull inflatable boats (RHIBs) and other small boats, use a network of software, radar and other sensors to get a collectively “swarm” and perform patrol missions autonomously, with only remote human supervision.

During the demo, unmanned boats were given a large area of open water to patrol. As an unknown vessel entered the area, the group of swarmboats collaboratively determined which patrol boat would quickly approach the unknown vessel, classify it as harmless or suspicious, and communicate with other swarmboats to assist in tracking and trailing the unknown vessel while others continued to patrol the area. During this time, the group of swarmboats provided status updates to the human supervisor.

“This demonstration showed some remarkable advances in autonomous capabilities,” said Cmdr. Luis Molina, military deputy for ONR’s Sea Warfare and Weapons Dept. “While previous work had focused on autonomous protection of high-value ships, this time we were focused on harbor approach defense.”

The ONR calls the autonomy technology Control Architecture for Robotic Agent Command and Sensing, or CARACaS. The ONR says components that make up CARACaS (some are commercial off-the-shelf) are inexpensive compared to the costs of maintaining manned vessels for some of the dull, dirty or dangerous tasks—all of which can be found in the work of harbor approach defense, experts say.

“The U.S. Navy knows our most important asset, without question, is our highly trained military personnel,” said Dr. Robert Brizzolara, the program officer at ONR who oversees the effort. “The autonomy technology we are developing for our Sailors and Marines is versatile enough that it will assist them in performing many different missions, and it will help keep them safer.”

In 2014, ONR completed the first major demonstration of CARACaS technology on the James River in Virginia. At that time, the transportable kit containing the autonomy package was installed on multiple RHIBs, allowing them to operate in sync with other unmanned vessels, swarming to intercept potential enemy ships and escorting naval assets.

The demonstration held this year in October built upon that successful demo. Brizzolara says that substantial additional capability has been added to CARACaS since the 2014 demo, including the ability for multiple unmanned surface vehicles (USVs) to collaborate on task allocation; the development of additional USV behaviors and tactics; and advances in automated vessel classification from imagery.

“This technology allows unmanned Navy ships to overwhelm an adversary,” added Molina. “Its sensors and software enable swarming capability, giving naval warfighters a decisive edge.”

 

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Ice Coated Ship Arrives In Duluth

Wow I know alot of you all are in the winter country but this is making me cold just watching the video!

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LCS The Ship That Broke The Navy

The experience of LCS, it broke the Navy,” said Sean Stackley, Assistant Secretary of the Navy for research, development and acquisition.
The Navy’s ambitious Littoral Combat Ship (LCS) program promised low cost, highly flexible, reliable, multi-mission ships. So far they have delivered none of these. Last Thursday, a panel of Navy and government oversight officials told the Senate Armed Services Committee about billions in cost overruns, delayed deliveries, repeated breakdowns, reduced mission capabilities and the questionable survivability of the new LCS.
LCS costs have risen from an estimated $220 million per ship to an average of $478 million. In a Government Accountability Office (GAO) report issued on Thursday which reviewed the $29 billion LCS program, the GAO says that Congress must decide “whether a ship that costs twice as much yet delivers less capability than planned warrants an additional investment.” The GAO also expressed concern about the Navy’s plans for 12 redesigned littoral combat ships, to be called frigates, which will put taxpayers on the hook for nearly $14 billion.
In addition to being late and more expensive, the LCS have been notoriously unreliable. Michael Gilmore, the Pentagon’s Director of Operational Test And Evaluation has said that the current fleet of eight ships “have a near-zero chance of completing a 30-day mission,” the Navy’s requirement, without a critical failure of one or more seaframe subsystems essential for wartime operations. The ships also do not meet the Navy’s standards for survivability.
Paul L. Francis, managing director of Acquisition and Sourcing Management for the GAO, said, “The bottom line on the LCS is we’re 26 ships into the contract and we still don’t know if the LCS can do its job. Over the last 10 years, we’ve made a number of trade-downs. We’ve accepted higher cost, construction delays, mission module delays, testing delays, reliability and quality problems, and lower capability. To accommodate the lesser performance of the ship, we’ve accepted a number of work-arounds: higher crew loads, more shore support, … reduced mission expectations for the ship. It will be 2020 before we know that the ship and all of its mission modules will work.”
“The miracle of LCS didn’t happen,” Francis told the Senate panel.

LCS the ship that broke the Navy

LCS the ship that broke the Navy

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Help Out The Steam Ship Historical Society If You Can!

November 2016 VOLUME 6, NUMBER 4

 

In This Issue

Buy a book and support the Ship History Center

Heroic ship to become part of artificial reef

P&O turns to internet to name new ship

Carnival orders three more LNG-powered cruise ships

Industry leaders study safe operation of unmanned vessels

What’s Happening in Ship History?

The Fall 2016 issue of PowerShips has landed

Help SSHSA tell the story of America

Canada bids farewell to HMCS Preserver

See Photos, Stories, and More on Social Media

Click on the logos below to access our social media websites. These websites are updated daily, and share history, current events, and information on what’s happening in SSHSA’s new headquarters.

 

Like SSHSA on Facebook to read about current and historical maritime events and updates on SSHSA’s new headquarters.

 

Follow SSHSA on Twitter and receive tweets on historical and current maritime events.

 

Add SSHSA as a friend on Instagram to view pictures of new finds in the archives and images of SSHSA staff and volunteers at events and conferences.

 

Follow SSHSA on Tumblr to view maritime-related posts, ship images, and latest archive finds.

 

Favorite SSHSA on Flickr to view images of conferences, events, and meetings, and scans of images from SSHSA’s photo archives.

The Fall 2016 PowerShips has landed

The latest issue of PowerShips features articles on the Pacific Princess, post-World War II cargo ships of the Alaska Steamship Company, Sunoco Shipbuilding, Bahamian mailboats and more! It’s not too late to come on board if your membership has lapsed or if you would like to join SSHSA. Sign up or renew today by clicking here or calling our headquarters at (401) 463-3570. Don’t miss out!

Help SSHSA tell the story of America

All of our lives are connected to the sea in some way. More than 90 percent of everything we eat, use or wear travels on a ship at some point, and whether their final destination was Plymouth, Massachusetts, or Ellis Island, most of our ancestors came here on the water. Each one of these stories is important – in fact, they are the very reason that the Steamship Historical Society of America exists.

Your support helps us tell these stories. Without the the generous contributions of our members, we never would have secured a home and opened to the public, allowing important artifacts, artwork and books to see the light of day for the first time in decades. We hope we can count on you again as we continue to expand our presence here at the Ship History Center and develop an educational program that can bring these tales to a worldwide audience.

The future of our organization depends on support from all of our members and friends, but we cannot do it on membership fees alone. Each dollar that we raise helps preserve an integral piece of our rich maritime history. Click here to make a tax-deductible gift to our Year-End Appeal, and let’s tell the story of steam together!

Canada bids farewell to HMCS Preserver

The Royal Canadian Navy’s last steam-powered warship, the HMCS Preserver, was officially retired last month during a “paying off” ceremony that drew dozens of former sailors, family and friends to the Halifax waterfront.

Built by the Saint John Shipbuilding and Dry Dock Co. and commissioned in July 1970, the vessel is the last of three auxiliary oiler replenishment ships constructed during the Cold War in the late 1960s. Although her role was usually a supporting one, she was on the front line for many key events in history.

The Preserver served as a supply ship for Canadian peacekeepers in Cyprus in 1974, and took part in several UN missions, including the enforcement of sanctions against Haiti in 1993 and the former Yugoslavia in 1994. She also helped with recovery efforts after the Swissair crash off Nova Scotia in 1998, and was dispatched to the Arabian Sea for six months in 2001 after the Sept. 11 terrorist attacks in the United States.

In addition to providing food, fuel and basic supplies, Preserver carried ammunition, two landing craft, a dentist, doctor, specialized repair teams and a small hospital with four beds and two operating rooms. It could also process garbage from other ships.

Last month’s ceremony was part of a changing of the guard for Canada. The country is currently leasing support ships from Spain and Chile as the navy waits for replacement vessels to be delivered. Two ships are being built at Vancouver’s Seaspan shipyard, the first of which is expected by 2020 at the earliest. A German container ship is also being converted into a modern oiler at the Davie shipyard in Levis, Quebec, and should be delivered by next October.

As for the Preserver, the ship is expected to be broken up now that it has been “paid off,” a term that dates back to when crew wages were withheld until the work was done and the sailors were ashore.

Photo: HMCS Preserver (Flickr)

Contact Us

Steamship Historical Society of America
2500 Post Road
Warwick, RI 02886
(401) 463-3570
www.sshsa.org

Matthew Schulte, Executive Director
mschulte@sshsa.org

Bryan Lucier, Membership and Outreach Specialist
blucier@sshsa.org

Karen Sylvia, Office Administrator
ksylvia@sshsa.org

Astrid Drew, Research & Media Coordinator
adrew@sshsa.org

Alissa Cafferky, Project Coordinator
acafferky@sshsa.org

Elaine Haytko, Advancement Officer
ehaytko@sshsa.org

Gina O’Connell, Events Coordinator
goconnell@sshsa.org

Jim Pennypacker, Editor
PowerShips
editor@sshsa.org

Richard Barwis
Advertising Representative richard@cornerstone-media.biz

Buy a book and support the Ship History Center

It’s already mid-November, which means the holidays will be here in the blink of an eye. Why not get an early jump on your shopping and support ship history at the same time?

In the holiday spirit, SSHSA is holding a huge duplicate book sale from 12-5 p.m. on Friday, December 2, and from 9 a.m. to 2 p.m. on Saturday, December 3, at the Ship History Center, located at 2500 Post Road in Warwick, Rhode Island. More than 800 surplus maritime books will be on sale, with all of the proceeds benefitting our one-of-a-kind archive, gallery and library. There will be exclusive in-store deals each day and plenty of hard to find and out of print books for sale, so be sure to stop in and say hello.

Can’t make it to Rhode Island? We’ve got you covered. Members and friends get early access to the online preview that begins today. Click here for a full listing and call us at 401-463-3570 or email blucier@sshsa.org if you see something that you like. There are limited copies of each book, and all sales are on a first-come, first-served basis. Beat the rush and order early!

Whether you’re shopping for yourself or the maritime history buff in your life, there are some truly great finds among these books. This is a wonderful chance to cross someone off of your shopping list and help us as we look to share America’s maritime heritage with the rest of the world.

Heroic ship to become
part of artificial reef

A Coast Guard ship that served during World War II and later rescued seven people off the coast of New England during the 1991 “Perfect Storm” will soon be sunk off the coast of New Jersey to help expand an artificial reef.

The Tamaroa (former USS Zuni) has a long and decorated history. She spent the war towing torpedoed warships to safety and supported the Allied effort in the Battle of Iwo Jima, where she pulled a transport off a sandbar and the crew deliberately ran her aground to help get ammunition to a disabled landing craft.

She would return stateside to serve the Coast Guard for nearly 50 years before being decommissioned in the mid-1990s. Along the way, she made her mark on history. The Tamaroa was one of the first ships to reach the Andrea Doria back in 1956, rescuing more than 1,600 passengers and crew, and was immortalized in Sebastian Junger’s book “The Perfect Storm” for aiding the crews of a sailboat and a rescue helicopter that had run out of fuel among the massive waves.

Efforts to turn the ship into a museum and memorial were dashed when the Tamaroa’s hull sprung a leak several years ago, causing significant damage to key parts of the ship. She joins two other vessels, the Austin and the Lisa Kim, that were sunk in September as part of the reef expansion project. The man-made reefs are designed to bolster sea life and attract commercial and recreational fishermen, as well as scuba divers.

Photo: Tamaroa (www.shipspotting.com)

P&O turns to internet
to name new ship

Stop us if you’ve heard this one before. P&O Cruises recently announced that it will let the internet community name its new ship, currently scheduled to launch in 2020. These kinds of things have been done many times in the past, you say. What could go wrong?

“Boaty McBoatface,” that’s what.

The British government went the same route earlier this year while trying to come up with a name for its new polar research ship. Before anyone could stop it, a joke on Twitter went viral and the name “Boaty McBoatface” won by more than 80,000 votes online. The National Environment Research Council, which reserved the right to pick the final name, ultimately chose the fourth-place RRS Sir David Attenborough.

So far, P&O has not announced the rules of the contest or whether they will abide by the public’s decision regardless of what direction it takes. However, requests for “Boaty McBoatface” have already cropped up on Twitter, as well as “Shippy McShipface,” “Cruisy McCruiseface,” and “HMS Social Media Gimmick.”

P&O’s 5,200-passenger ship will feature four swimming pools, 17 restaurants, and The Dome, an all-weather hub that will feature a clear sky dome for all-day entertainment and informal dining. P&O expects to begin selling trips on the new vessel beginning in 2018.

Photo: RRS Sir David Attenborough, British Antarctic Survey

Carnival orders three more LNG-powered cruise ships

Carnival Corporation has signed a memorandum of agreement with two leading shipbuilders to produce three additional vessels that are fully powered by liquefied natural gas (LNG). Altogether, Carnival has agreements in place for seven LNG-powered cruise ships, the first of which is expected to be brought online for AIDA Cruises and Costa Cruises in 2019.

The latest ships will be constructed by Meyer Werft in Germany and Meyer Turku in Finland, and are part of a next-generation “green cruising” ship design that Carnival says will produce the most efficient ships in the company’s history. LNG will provide 100 percent of the ship’s power both in port and on the open sea – an innovation that will significantly reduce exhaust emissions to help protect the environment and support the company’s sustainability goals for the future.

“We are proud to be at the forefront of introducing LNG-powered ships to the cruise industry, working with our partners to achieve shipbuilding breakthroughs like this that will help us produce the most efficient and sustainable ships we have ever built,” said Arnold Donald, CEO of Carnival Corporation.

As part of its fleet enhancement plan, Carnival Corporation has already taken delivery of three new ships in 2016 for its AIDA Cruises, Carnival Cruise Line and Holland America Line brands, and plans to launch the all-new Seabourn Encore in December. Including Seabourn Encore and these three new LNG ships, Carnival Corporation has a total of 18 new ships scheduled to be delivered between 2016 and 2022.

Photo: Seabourn Encore (www.cruisemapper.com)

Industry leaders study safe operation of unmanned vessels

While self-driving cars are getting all of the headlines these days, it’s only so long before ships follow suit. And with this future coming quickly down the line, Lloyd’s Register is joining with other industry leaders to study how this cutting-edge technology can be used in a safe way.

Part of a more than $1 million collaborative research project called MAXCMAS (Machine executable collision regulations for Marine Autonomous systems), the goal is to investigate, develop and implement real-time collision avoidance algorithms for autonomous ships. Rolls Royce is serving as the project lead, along with Lloyds, Atlas Elektronik UK, Queens University Belfast and Southampton Solent University’s Warsash Maritime Academy.

The group will study what needs to be done to assure that autonomous ships follow the International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea, and carry out real-world tests that prove their conclusions. Compliance with current and future regulations is instrumental to the wide-scale use of unmanned surface vehicles at sea and pivotal to maritime safety.

Protocols will be developed using a networked bridge simulator as a test environment. These highly immersive simulators, ordinarily used for mariner training, will be implemented to rapidly test the ship’s reaction to a changing environment, whether it be caused by the crew in another ship or its own degraded sensors.

“The maritime industry is moving towards smarter and more autonomous vessels, and involvement in research projects like MAXCMAS allows us to better understand the technological risks and control measures associated with greater autonomy and to be equipped to provide assurance to our clients when the technology is ready,” said Jesus Mediavilla Varas, strategic research lab lead specialist for Lloyd’s Register.

Photo: Concept of an unmanned ship from Rolls Royce

What’s Happening in Ship History?

This is a brief listing, so make sure to check locally for what’s going on in your area.


December 2 and 3

SSHSA Holiday Book Sale
Friday – 12:00PM-5:00PM
Saturday – 9:00AM-2:00PM
SSHSA Ship History Center
Warwick, RI
http://www.sshsa.org

November 20-February 26
Behind-the-scenes tour of the USS Cobia, a World War II submarine
Various dates; see website for details
$15 for general admission, must be 16 or older to participate
Wisconsin Maritime Museum
Manitowoc, WI
www.wisconsinmaritime.org

November 25-December 23
Lantern Light Tours at Mystic Seaport
Various dates and times; see website for details
$32 for adults ($26 for members); $25 for children age 5-17 ($19 for members)
Mystic, CT
www.mysticseaport.org


December 2
Heroes on Deck: World War II on Lake Michigan
7:00PM-10:00PM
$7.50 for National Museum of the Great Lakes members, $10 for nonmembers
Advanced tickets required; see website for details
Lakewood, OH
www.inlandseas.org


December 3-22

‘Tis the SEA-son!
Various holiday events; see website for details
Free for members, $15.50 for adults, $14 for seniors, $10 for children age 6-12
Maine Maritime Museum
Bath, ME
www.mainemaritimemuseum.org

December 7
Pearl Harbor Day Memorial Ceremony
12:00PM
Free
Historic Ships in Baltimore
Baltimore, MD
www.historicships.org

December 10
Christmas on the Monitor
6:00PM-9:00PM
$55 per person to dine as crew; $100 to dine as an officer
Mariners’ Museum and Park
Newport News, VA
www.marinersmuseum.org

December 11 and 18
Parade of Lights Viewing Dinner aboard the Berkeley
5:00PM
Adults $50, Children age 3-12 $25
Children 2 and younger free with purchase of an adult ticket
Maritime Museum of San Diego
San Diego, CA
www.sdmaritime.org

December 14
Lecture: Shipwrecks of Tampa Bay
3:00PM
Admission is free, but donations are appreciated
Florida Maritime Museum
Cortez, FL
www.floridamaritimemuseum.org

December 31
New Years Eve Fireworks
5:00PM-7:00PM
Free with museum admission
$16 for adults, $12 for seniors and children age 3-12
Independence Seaport Museum
Philadelphia, PA
www.phillyseaport.org


Ahoy!
is the quarterly electronic newsletter for those interested in maritime history. It is produced in February, May, August, and November and distributed by Steamship Historical Society of America to friends, members and any other individuals interested in maritime heritage.
Bryan Lucier, Editor, Ahoy!

 

Find us on: Renew Your Membership Today

SSHSA, 2500 Post Road, Warwick, RI 02886

2015 STEAMSHIP HISTORICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA | ALL RIGHTS RESERVED | UNSUBSCRIBE
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Underwater Archaeology Expedition Uncovers Dozens of Ancient Shipwrecks in Black Sea

blog-11-15-16-3

When an international team of scientists set out on an expedition to map submerged ancient landscapes in the Bulgarian waters of the Black Sea, there was no telling what exactly they would find. After all an expedition of this size and scope had never been attempted before in the area, where thousands of years ago large areas of land were inundated as the water level rose following the last Ice Age.

But perhaps the biggest finding was something absolutely nobody expected: ancient shipwrecks perfectly preserved at depths of more than 150 meters below the surface. In fact the team, led by the University of Southampton’s Centre for Maritime Archaeology, discovered a collection of more than 40 shipwrecks dating as far back as the Ottoman and Byzantine Empires, providing the first-ever views of ships from these eras and offering a glimpse into trade and seafaring life during these medieval times.

“The wrecks are a complete bonus, but a fascinating discovery, found during the course of our extensive geophysical surveys,” said Professor Jon Adams, Founding Director of the University of Southampton’s Centre for Maritime Archaeology and Principle Investigator on the Black Sea Maritime Archaeology Project (Black Sea MAP). “They are astonishingly preserved due to the anoxic conditions (absence of oxygen) of the Black Sea below 150 meters.”

Based on board the Stril Explorer, an offshore vessel equipped with some of the most advanced underwater survey systems, the international team used two Remotely Operated Vehicles (ROVs) – one optimized for high resolution 3D photogrammetry2 and video and the other a revolutionary vehicle developed by the survey companies MMT and Reach Subsea.

ottoman-shipwreck_blog_11-15-16“Surveyor Interceptor”, as the latter is called, ‘flies’ at four times the speed of conventional ROVs and carries an entire suite of geophysical instrumentation, as well as lights, high definition cameras and a laser scanner. In the course of the project it set new records for both depth (1,800m), sustained speed (over 6 knots), and covered a distance of 1,250 km.

“Using the latest 3D recording technique for underwater structures, we’ve been able to capture some astonishing images without disturbing the sea bed,” added Professor Adams. “We are now among the very best exponents of this practice methodology and certainly no-one has achieved models of this completeness on shipwrecks at these depths.”

The images produced by the Black Sea MAP project, pictured here, are actually digital models created from photographs using the process photogrammetry, the technique of constructing a 3D model by computing the position of any point that is visible in any two adjacent images. Software computes the 3D positions of millions of points in space in this case from thousands of photographs (taken by the cameras on the ROV) and builds the model. What is seen in the final image is the model rendered and overlaid with the colors and textures from the photos to create an accurate representation.

blog-11-15-16-2“Maritime archaeology in the deep sea has often been a contested domain, but this project, the largest of its type ever undertaken, demonstrates how effective partnerships between academia and industry can be, especially when funded by enlightened bodies such as EEF,” Professor Adams.

 

Post Courtesy of G-Captain

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Rolls-Royce Launches Strategic Partnership to Develop Smart, Autonomous Ships

 

Rolls Royce Remote operated ship?

Rolls Royce Remote operated ship?

Rolls-Royce on Monday announced a strategic partnership with Finland’s VTT Technical Research Centre to design, test, and validate the first generation of remotely controlled and automated ships.

Rolls-Royce, which has positioned itself as a leader in the development of remote controlled and autonomous ships, believes a remote controlled ship, or so-called drone ship, will be in commercial use by the end of the decade.

VTT has experience in ship simulation and expertise in the development and management of safety-critical and complex systems in demanding environments. They combine physical tests such as model and tank testing, with digital technologies, such as data analytics and computer visualization. They will also use field research to incorporate human factors into safe ship design. As a result of working with the Finnish telecommunications sector, VTT also has extensive experience of working with 5G mobile phone technology and wi-fi mesh networks.

Rolls-Royce says working with VTT will allow it to assess the performance of remote and autonomous designs through the use of both traditional model tank tests and digital simulation, allowing the company to develop functional, safe and reliable prototypes.

“Remotely operated ships are a key development project for Rolls-Royce Marine, and VTT is a reliable and innovative partner for the development of a smart ship concept,” said Karno Tenovuo, Rolls-Royce, Vice President Ship Intelligence. “This collaboration is a natural continuation of the earlier User Experience for Complex systems (UXUS) project, where we developed totally new bridge and remote control systems for shipping.”

In recent years Rolls-Royce’s has been at the forefront of the marine industries push towards autonomous shipping. It is currently leading the Advanced Autonomous Waterborne Applications Initiative (AAWA), which is funded by the Finnish government and brings together universities, ship designers, equipment manufacturers, and classification societies to explore the economic, social, legal, regulatory and technological factors which need to be addressed to make autonomous ships a reality.

Rolls-Royce is also a member of the Norwegian Forum for Autonomous Ships (NFAS) which has the backing of the Norwegian Maritime Administration, The Norwegian Coastal Administration, the Federation of Norwegian Industries and MARINTEK. NFAS’ objectives are to strengthen the cooperation between users, researchers, authorities and others that are interested in autonomous ships and their use; contribute to the development of common Norwegian strategies for development and use of autonomous ships and co-operate with other international and national bodies interested in autonomous shipping. In addition, Rolls-Royce is a founder member of the Finnish ecosystem for autonomous marine transport (DIMECC).

Erja Turunen, Executive Vice President at VTT, said: “Rolls-Royce is a pioneer in remotely controlled and autonomous shipping. Our collaboration strengthens the way we can integrate and leverage VTT’s expertise in simulation and safety validation, including the industrial Internet of Things, to develop new products and in the future, enable us to develop new solutions for new areas of application as well.”

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Three Largest Cruise Ships Meet At Sea

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Royal Caribbean International’s Oasis-class ships, Oasis of the Seas, Allure of the Seas and the new Harmony of the Sea, meet at sea off the coast of Florida, Friday, November 4, 2016. Photo: Royal Caribbean
The world’s three biggest cruise ships, Royal Caribbean International’s Oasis-class ships Oasis of the Seas, Allure of the Seas and the new Harmony of the Seas, met at see for the first and possibly only time on Friday off the coast of Florida.

The meet-up was organized to mark the arrival of Harmony of the Seas at its new homeport of Port Everglades in Fort Lauderdale, Florida.

The newest and youngest of the three ships, Harmony of the Seas officially claimed the title of world’s largest cruise ship after beating her two Oasis-class sisters by just foot in length and nearly 1,700 gross registered tons. Harmony of the Seas measures 1,188 feet in length, encompasses 226,963 gross registered tons, and carries 5,497 double occupancy guests in 2,747 staterooms. The ship was delivered in May by STX Les Chantiers de l’ Atlantique shipyard, part of STX France, and spent her inaugural season in the Mediterranean sailing from Barcelona, Spain.

Oasis of the Seas and Allure of the Seas are also homeported on the U.S. east coast in Port Canaveral and Port Everglades, respectively.

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Interesting facts about the new DDG1000

8 Interesting Facts About DDG1000 – US Navy’s Ship From The Future

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