Help Out The Steam Ship Historical Society If You Can!

November 2016 VOLUME 6, NUMBER 4


In This Issue

Buy a book and support the Ship History Center

Heroic ship to become part of artificial reef

P&O turns to internet to name new ship

Carnival orders three more LNG-powered cruise ships

Industry leaders study safe operation of unmanned vessels

What’s Happening in Ship History?

The Fall 2016 issue of PowerShips has landed

Help SSHSA tell the story of America

Canada bids farewell to HMCS Preserver

See Photos, Stories, and More on Social Media

Click on the logos below to access our social media websites. These websites are updated daily, and share history, current events, and information on what’s happening in SSHSA’s new headquarters.


Like SSHSA on Facebook to read about current and historical maritime events and updates on SSHSA’s new headquarters.


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Add SSHSA as a friend on Instagram to view pictures of new finds in the archives and images of SSHSA staff and volunteers at events and conferences.


Follow SSHSA on Tumblr to view maritime-related posts, ship images, and latest archive finds.


Favorite SSHSA on Flickr to view images of conferences, events, and meetings, and scans of images from SSHSA’s photo archives.

The Fall 2016 PowerShips has landed

The latest issue of PowerShips features articles on the Pacific Princess, post-World War II cargo ships of the Alaska Steamship Company, Sunoco Shipbuilding, Bahamian mailboats and more! It’s not too late to come on board if your membership has lapsed or if you would like to join SSHSA. Sign up or renew today by clicking here or calling our headquarters at (401) 463-3570. Don’t miss out!

Help SSHSA tell the story of America

All of our lives are connected to the sea in some way. More than 90 percent of everything we eat, use or wear travels on a ship at some point, and whether their final destination was Plymouth, Massachusetts, or Ellis Island, most of our ancestors came here on the water. Each one of these stories is important – in fact, they are the very reason that the Steamship Historical Society of America exists.

Your support helps us tell these stories. Without the the generous contributions of our members, we never would have secured a home and opened to the public, allowing important artifacts, artwork and books to see the light of day for the first time in decades. We hope we can count on you again as we continue to expand our presence here at the Ship History Center and develop an educational program that can bring these tales to a worldwide audience.

The future of our organization depends on support from all of our members and friends, but we cannot do it on membership fees alone. Each dollar that we raise helps preserve an integral piece of our rich maritime history. Click here to make a tax-deductible gift to our Year-End Appeal, and let’s tell the story of steam together!

Canada bids farewell to HMCS Preserver

The Royal Canadian Navy’s last steam-powered warship, the HMCS Preserver, was officially retired last month during a “paying off” ceremony that drew dozens of former sailors, family and friends to the Halifax waterfront.

Built by the Saint John Shipbuilding and Dry Dock Co. and commissioned in July 1970, the vessel is the last of three auxiliary oiler replenishment ships constructed during the Cold War in the late 1960s. Although her role was usually a supporting one, she was on the front line for many key events in history.

The Preserver served as a supply ship for Canadian peacekeepers in Cyprus in 1974, and took part in several UN missions, including the enforcement of sanctions against Haiti in 1993 and the former Yugoslavia in 1994. She also helped with recovery efforts after the Swissair crash off Nova Scotia in 1998, and was dispatched to the Arabian Sea for six months in 2001 after the Sept. 11 terrorist attacks in the United States.

In addition to providing food, fuel and basic supplies, Preserver carried ammunition, two landing craft, a dentist, doctor, specialized repair teams and a small hospital with four beds and two operating rooms. It could also process garbage from other ships.

Last month’s ceremony was part of a changing of the guard for Canada. The country is currently leasing support ships from Spain and Chile as the navy waits for replacement vessels to be delivered. Two ships are being built at Vancouver’s Seaspan shipyard, the first of which is expected by 2020 at the earliest. A German container ship is also being converted into a modern oiler at the Davie shipyard in Levis, Quebec, and should be delivered by next October.

As for the Preserver, the ship is expected to be broken up now that it has been “paid off,” a term that dates back to when crew wages were withheld until the work was done and the sailors were ashore.

Photo: HMCS Preserver (Flickr)

Contact Us

Steamship Historical Society of America
2500 Post Road
Warwick, RI 02886
(401) 463-3570

Matthew Schulte, Executive Director

Bryan Lucier, Membership and Outreach Specialist

Karen Sylvia, Office Administrator

Astrid Drew, Research & Media Coordinator

Alissa Cafferky, Project Coordinator

Elaine Haytko, Advancement Officer

Gina O’Connell, Events Coordinator

Jim Pennypacker, Editor

Richard Barwis
Advertising Representative

Buy a book and support the Ship History Center

It’s already mid-November, which means the holidays will be here in the blink of an eye. Why not get an early jump on your shopping and support ship history at the same time?

In the holiday spirit, SSHSA is holding a huge duplicate book sale from 12-5 p.m. on Friday, December 2, and from 9 a.m. to 2 p.m. on Saturday, December 3, at the Ship History Center, located at 2500 Post Road in Warwick, Rhode Island. More than 800 surplus maritime books will be on sale, with all of the proceeds benefitting our one-of-a-kind archive, gallery and library. There will be exclusive in-store deals each day and plenty of hard to find and out of print books for sale, so be sure to stop in and say hello.

Can’t make it to Rhode Island? We’ve got you covered. Members and friends get early access to the online preview that begins today. Click here for a full listing and call us at 401-463-3570 or email if you see something that you like. There are limited copies of each book, and all sales are on a first-come, first-served basis. Beat the rush and order early!

Whether you’re shopping for yourself or the maritime history buff in your life, there are some truly great finds among these books. This is a wonderful chance to cross someone off of your shopping list and help us as we look to share America’s maritime heritage with the rest of the world.

Heroic ship to become
part of artificial reef

A Coast Guard ship that served during World War II and later rescued seven people off the coast of New England during the 1991 “Perfect Storm” will soon be sunk off the coast of New Jersey to help expand an artificial reef.

The Tamaroa (former USS Zuni) has a long and decorated history. She spent the war towing torpedoed warships to safety and supported the Allied effort in the Battle of Iwo Jima, where she pulled a transport off a sandbar and the crew deliberately ran her aground to help get ammunition to a disabled landing craft.

She would return stateside to serve the Coast Guard for nearly 50 years before being decommissioned in the mid-1990s. Along the way, she made her mark on history. The Tamaroa was one of the first ships to reach the Andrea Doria back in 1956, rescuing more than 1,600 passengers and crew, and was immortalized in Sebastian Junger’s book “The Perfect Storm” for aiding the crews of a sailboat and a rescue helicopter that had run out of fuel among the massive waves.

Efforts to turn the ship into a museum and memorial were dashed when the Tamaroa’s hull sprung a leak several years ago, causing significant damage to key parts of the ship. She joins two other vessels, the Austin and the Lisa Kim, that were sunk in September as part of the reef expansion project. The man-made reefs are designed to bolster sea life and attract commercial and recreational fishermen, as well as scuba divers.

Photo: Tamaroa (

P&O turns to internet
to name new ship

Stop us if you’ve heard this one before. P&O Cruises recently announced that it will let the internet community name its new ship, currently scheduled to launch in 2020. These kinds of things have been done many times in the past, you say. What could go wrong?

“Boaty McBoatface,” that’s what.

The British government went the same route earlier this year while trying to come up with a name for its new polar research ship. Before anyone could stop it, a joke on Twitter went viral and the name “Boaty McBoatface” won by more than 80,000 votes online. The National Environment Research Council, which reserved the right to pick the final name, ultimately chose the fourth-place RRS Sir David Attenborough.

So far, P&O has not announced the rules of the contest or whether they will abide by the public’s decision regardless of what direction it takes. However, requests for “Boaty McBoatface” have already cropped up on Twitter, as well as “Shippy McShipface,” “Cruisy McCruiseface,” and “HMS Social Media Gimmick.”

P&O’s 5,200-passenger ship will feature four swimming pools, 17 restaurants, and The Dome, an all-weather hub that will feature a clear sky dome for all-day entertainment and informal dining. P&O expects to begin selling trips on the new vessel beginning in 2018.

Photo: RRS Sir David Attenborough, British Antarctic Survey

Carnival orders three more LNG-powered cruise ships

Carnival Corporation has signed a memorandum of agreement with two leading shipbuilders to produce three additional vessels that are fully powered by liquefied natural gas (LNG). Altogether, Carnival has agreements in place for seven LNG-powered cruise ships, the first of which is expected to be brought online for AIDA Cruises and Costa Cruises in 2019.

The latest ships will be constructed by Meyer Werft in Germany and Meyer Turku in Finland, and are part of a next-generation “green cruising” ship design that Carnival says will produce the most efficient ships in the company’s history. LNG will provide 100 percent of the ship’s power both in port and on the open sea – an innovation that will significantly reduce exhaust emissions to help protect the environment and support the company’s sustainability goals for the future.

“We are proud to be at the forefront of introducing LNG-powered ships to the cruise industry, working with our partners to achieve shipbuilding breakthroughs like this that will help us produce the most efficient and sustainable ships we have ever built,” said Arnold Donald, CEO of Carnival Corporation.

As part of its fleet enhancement plan, Carnival Corporation has already taken delivery of three new ships in 2016 for its AIDA Cruises, Carnival Cruise Line and Holland America Line brands, and plans to launch the all-new Seabourn Encore in December. Including Seabourn Encore and these three new LNG ships, Carnival Corporation has a total of 18 new ships scheduled to be delivered between 2016 and 2022.

Photo: Seabourn Encore (

Industry leaders study safe operation of unmanned vessels

While self-driving cars are getting all of the headlines these days, it’s only so long before ships follow suit. And with this future coming quickly down the line, Lloyd’s Register is joining with other industry leaders to study how this cutting-edge technology can be used in a safe way.

Part of a more than $1 million collaborative research project called MAXCMAS (Machine executable collision regulations for Marine Autonomous systems), the goal is to investigate, develop and implement real-time collision avoidance algorithms for autonomous ships. Rolls Royce is serving as the project lead, along with Lloyds, Atlas Elektronik UK, Queens University Belfast and Southampton Solent University’s Warsash Maritime Academy.

The group will study what needs to be done to assure that autonomous ships follow the International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea, and carry out real-world tests that prove their conclusions. Compliance with current and future regulations is instrumental to the wide-scale use of unmanned surface vehicles at sea and pivotal to maritime safety.

Protocols will be developed using a networked bridge simulator as a test environment. These highly immersive simulators, ordinarily used for mariner training, will be implemented to rapidly test the ship’s reaction to a changing environment, whether it be caused by the crew in another ship or its own degraded sensors.

“The maritime industry is moving towards smarter and more autonomous vessels, and involvement in research projects like MAXCMAS allows us to better understand the technological risks and control measures associated with greater autonomy and to be equipped to provide assurance to our clients when the technology is ready,” said Jesus Mediavilla Varas, strategic research lab lead specialist for Lloyd’s Register.

Photo: Concept of an unmanned ship from Rolls Royce

What’s Happening in Ship History?

This is a brief listing, so make sure to check locally for what’s going on in your area.

December 2 and 3

SSHSA Holiday Book Sale
Friday – 12:00PM-5:00PM
Saturday – 9:00AM-2:00PM
SSHSA Ship History Center
Warwick, RI

November 20-February 26
Behind-the-scenes tour of the USS Cobia, a World War II submarine
Various dates; see website for details
$15 for general admission, must be 16 or older to participate
Wisconsin Maritime Museum
Manitowoc, WI

November 25-December 23
Lantern Light Tours at Mystic Seaport
Various dates and times; see website for details
$32 for adults ($26 for members); $25 for children age 5-17 ($19 for members)
Mystic, CT

December 2
Heroes on Deck: World War II on Lake Michigan
$7.50 for National Museum of the Great Lakes members, $10 for nonmembers
Advanced tickets required; see website for details
Lakewood, OH

December 3-22

‘Tis the SEA-son!
Various holiday events; see website for details
Free for members, $15.50 for adults, $14 for seniors, $10 for children age 6-12
Maine Maritime Museum
Bath, ME

December 7
Pearl Harbor Day Memorial Ceremony
Historic Ships in Baltimore
Baltimore, MD

December 10
Christmas on the Monitor
$55 per person to dine as crew; $100 to dine as an officer
Mariners’ Museum and Park
Newport News, VA

December 11 and 18
Parade of Lights Viewing Dinner aboard the Berkeley
Adults $50, Children age 3-12 $25
Children 2 and younger free with purchase of an adult ticket
Maritime Museum of San Diego
San Diego, CA

December 14
Lecture: Shipwrecks of Tampa Bay
Admission is free, but donations are appreciated
Florida Maritime Museum
Cortez, FL

December 31
New Years Eve Fireworks
Free with museum admission
$16 for adults, $12 for seniors and children age 3-12
Independence Seaport Museum
Philadelphia, PA

is the quarterly electronic newsletter for those interested in maritime history. It is produced in February, May, August, and November and distributed by Steamship Historical Society of America to friends, members and any other individuals interested in maritime heritage.
Bryan Lucier, Editor, Ahoy!


Find us on: Renew Your Membership Today

SSHSA, 2500 Post Road, Warwick, RI 02886

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Underwater Archaeology Expedition Uncovers Dozens of Ancient Shipwrecks in Black Sea


When an international team of scientists set out on an expedition to map submerged ancient landscapes in the Bulgarian waters of the Black Sea, there was no telling what exactly they would find. After all an expedition of this size and scope had never been attempted before in the area, where thousands of years ago large areas of land were inundated as the water level rose following the last Ice Age.

But perhaps the biggest finding was something absolutely nobody expected: ancient shipwrecks perfectly preserved at depths of more than 150 meters below the surface. In fact the team, led by the University of Southampton’s Centre for Maritime Archaeology, discovered a collection of more than 40 shipwrecks dating as far back as the Ottoman and Byzantine Empires, providing the first-ever views of ships from these eras and offering a glimpse into trade and seafaring life during these medieval times.

“The wrecks are a complete bonus, but a fascinating discovery, found during the course of our extensive geophysical surveys,” said Professor Jon Adams, Founding Director of the University of Southampton’s Centre for Maritime Archaeology and Principle Investigator on the Black Sea Maritime Archaeology Project (Black Sea MAP). “They are astonishingly preserved due to the anoxic conditions (absence of oxygen) of the Black Sea below 150 meters.”

Based on board the Stril Explorer, an offshore vessel equipped with some of the most advanced underwater survey systems, the international team used two Remotely Operated Vehicles (ROVs) – one optimized for high resolution 3D photogrammetry2 and video and the other a revolutionary vehicle developed by the survey companies MMT and Reach Subsea.

ottoman-shipwreck_blog_11-15-16“Surveyor Interceptor”, as the latter is called, ‘flies’ at four times the speed of conventional ROVs and carries an entire suite of geophysical instrumentation, as well as lights, high definition cameras and a laser scanner. In the course of the project it set new records for both depth (1,800m), sustained speed (over 6 knots), and covered a distance of 1,250 km.

“Using the latest 3D recording technique for underwater structures, we’ve been able to capture some astonishing images without disturbing the sea bed,” added Professor Adams. “We are now among the very best exponents of this practice methodology and certainly no-one has achieved models of this completeness on shipwrecks at these depths.”

The images produced by the Black Sea MAP project, pictured here, are actually digital models created from photographs using the process photogrammetry, the technique of constructing a 3D model by computing the position of any point that is visible in any two adjacent images. Software computes the 3D positions of millions of points in space in this case from thousands of photographs (taken by the cameras on the ROV) and builds the model. What is seen in the final image is the model rendered and overlaid with the colors and textures from the photos to create an accurate representation.

blog-11-15-16-2“Maritime archaeology in the deep sea has often been a contested domain, but this project, the largest of its type ever undertaken, demonstrates how effective partnerships between academia and industry can be, especially when funded by enlightened bodies such as EEF,” Professor Adams.


Post Courtesy of G-Captain

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Rolls-Royce Launches Strategic Partnership to Develop Smart, Autonomous Ships


Rolls Royce Remote operated ship?

Rolls Royce Remote operated ship?

Rolls-Royce on Monday announced a strategic partnership with Finland’s VTT Technical Research Centre to design, test, and validate the first generation of remotely controlled and automated ships.

Rolls-Royce, which has positioned itself as a leader in the development of remote controlled and autonomous ships, believes a remote controlled ship, or so-called drone ship, will be in commercial use by the end of the decade.

VTT has experience in ship simulation and expertise in the development and management of safety-critical and complex systems in demanding environments. They combine physical tests such as model and tank testing, with digital technologies, such as data analytics and computer visualization. They will also use field research to incorporate human factors into safe ship design. As a result of working with the Finnish telecommunications sector, VTT also has extensive experience of working with 5G mobile phone technology and wi-fi mesh networks.

Rolls-Royce says working with VTT will allow it to assess the performance of remote and autonomous designs through the use of both traditional model tank tests and digital simulation, allowing the company to develop functional, safe and reliable prototypes.

“Remotely operated ships are a key development project for Rolls-Royce Marine, and VTT is a reliable and innovative partner for the development of a smart ship concept,” said Karno Tenovuo, Rolls-Royce, Vice President Ship Intelligence. “This collaboration is a natural continuation of the earlier User Experience for Complex systems (UXUS) project, where we developed totally new bridge and remote control systems for shipping.”

In recent years Rolls-Royce’s has been at the forefront of the marine industries push towards autonomous shipping. It is currently leading the Advanced Autonomous Waterborne Applications Initiative (AAWA), which is funded by the Finnish government and brings together universities, ship designers, equipment manufacturers, and classification societies to explore the economic, social, legal, regulatory and technological factors which need to be addressed to make autonomous ships a reality.

Rolls-Royce is also a member of the Norwegian Forum for Autonomous Ships (NFAS) which has the backing of the Norwegian Maritime Administration, The Norwegian Coastal Administration, the Federation of Norwegian Industries and MARINTEK. NFAS’ objectives are to strengthen the cooperation between users, researchers, authorities and others that are interested in autonomous ships and their use; contribute to the development of common Norwegian strategies for development and use of autonomous ships and co-operate with other international and national bodies interested in autonomous shipping. In addition, Rolls-Royce is a founder member of the Finnish ecosystem for autonomous marine transport (DIMECC).

Erja Turunen, Executive Vice President at VTT, said: “Rolls-Royce is a pioneer in remotely controlled and autonomous shipping. Our collaboration strengthens the way we can integrate and leverage VTT’s expertise in simulation and safety validation, including the industrial Internet of Things, to develop new products and in the future, enable us to develop new solutions for new areas of application as well.”

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Three Largest Cruise Ships Meet At Sea


Royal Caribbean International’s Oasis-class ships, Oasis of the Seas, Allure of the Seas and the new Harmony of the Sea, meet at sea off the coast of Florida, Friday, November 4, 2016. Photo: Royal Caribbean
The world’s three biggest cruise ships, Royal Caribbean International’s Oasis-class ships Oasis of the Seas, Allure of the Seas and the new Harmony of the Seas, met at see for the first and possibly only time on Friday off the coast of Florida.

The meet-up was organized to mark the arrival of Harmony of the Seas at its new homeport of Port Everglades in Fort Lauderdale, Florida.

The newest and youngest of the three ships, Harmony of the Seas officially claimed the title of world’s largest cruise ship after beating her two Oasis-class sisters by just foot in length and nearly 1,700 gross registered tons. Harmony of the Seas measures 1,188 feet in length, encompasses 226,963 gross registered tons, and carries 5,497 double occupancy guests in 2,747 staterooms. The ship was delivered in May by STX Les Chantiers de l’ Atlantique shipyard, part of STX France, and spent her inaugural season in the Mediterranean sailing from Barcelona, Spain.

Oasis of the Seas and Allure of the Seas are also homeported on the U.S. east coast in Port Canaveral and Port Everglades, respectively.

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Interesting facts about the new DDG1000

8 Interesting Facts About DDG1000 – US Navy’s Ship From The Future

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Some more random pictures from the Dockyard

Everything was done by hand, this is such a cool place I will have to visit one day!

Chatham Historic Dockyard unofficial visitors guide

Hole in a wall, probably for rope ? probably about 2 ft square

Another small wooden door

This is a trackway made of metal strips , there’s arrows pointing both to the left and right , no idea what it was for

A metal hole/chute in a wall , possibly for rope ?

And a wooden roller in a window , there are several of these so I’m assuming for rope

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Ship that saved 7 during ‘Perfect Storm’ to be sunk off N.J.

The USS Zuni survived the submarine-infested waters of the Pacific during World War II as it towed torpedoed warships to safety and aided in the Battle of Iwo Jima.

A half-century later and renamed the Tamaroa, it overcame gale force winds and 40-foot waves to help save seven people off the New England coast, a rescue effort immortalized in the book and film “The Perfect Storm.”

But the Tamaroa could not conquer time.

This ship that has made so much history will soon be sunk off the southern coast of New Jersey to help expand an artificial reef that attracts both scuba divers and anglers. A decade-long effort to turn the ship into a museum and memorial was derailed when the Tamaroa’s hull sprung a leak four years ago, causing significant damage to key parts of the ship.

Having the Tamaroa sit on the ocean floor isn’t how many who served on the ship envisioned its fate. There is, after all, an emotional attachment to the ship far more powerful than mere nostalgia. The Tamaroa was home to generations of crew members who routinely risked their lives in some of the most brutal conditions to save others.

The man who commanded the ship during the 1991 “Perfect Storm” said sinking the Tamaroa is a better outcome than being demolished for scrap metal, a common ending for old service ships.

“It’s always sad when you sink a ship, but some good will come of it,” retired Coast Guard Capt. Larry Brudnicki said. “It’s being repurposed. It’s being used. If it’s cut up, who’s going to know that their razor blade came from the Tamaroa?”

New Jersey and Delaware officials say the 205-foot ship will help expand their joint deepwater reef 25 miles south of Cape May Point by attracting large game fish and aiding the Garden State’s $1.7 billion recreational fishing industry.

They plan to sink the Tamaroa around Oct. 30, the 25th anniversary of “The Perfect Storm,” although no official announcement has been issued.

It is also a coup for New Jersey divers.

“It’s like anything else, it’s name recognition,” said Brian Nunes-Vais, a trustee with the Ann E. Clark Foundation, which helps fund New Jersey’s artificial reef program. “Would you want to dive Bob’s boat or the Tamaroa?”

Island-hopping tug

Long before the “Perfect Storm” the Tamaroa was the Zuni. It was launched July 31, 1943, and deployed as a Navy tug to the war-torn Pacific, hopping from island to island as the U.S. drove Japanese forces back east.

It would tow two heavily damaged cruisers, the USS Houston and USS Reno, hundreds of miles to safety, according to the Navy’s history of the ship.

In 1945, the Zuni arrived at Iwo Jima three days after the assault began and stayed there for a month. It pulled a transport off a sandbar and deliberately ran itself aground to help get ammunition to a disabled landing craft. Two crewmen later died when a tow cable snapped and struck them. They were the only casualties during a two-year span in which the Zuni participated in four invasions and traveled thousands of miles in seas patrolled by Japanese warships and skies swarmed with fighter squadrons.

Of the dozens of men who served on the ship, the last known surviving member of the original crew was Lt. Herb Ruben of Westchester County, N.Y., who died last year at 94.

“He always said it was a ship that could take anything,” said Elinor Parsont, Ruben’s widow. “He was very proud of being in the Navy and being on the Zuni.”

A year after the war ended, the Zuni was transferred to the U.S. Coast Guard and renamed the Tamaroa, where it spent almost five decades rescuing ships in distress, intercepting drug smugglers and enforcing fishery laws. In 1956, it was one of the first ships to reach the sinking luxury liner Andrea Doria off Nantucket, where it helped rescue more than 1,600 passengers and crew.

But it was on Oct. 30, 1991, that it made history, when three storm systems slammed together off the New England coast with gusts of 70 mph and waves as high as a four-story building.

The Tamaroa was dispatched to find a sailboat, the Satori, which was caught in the storm 75 miles off Nantucket.

The Tamaroa tried to rescue the Satori’s three crew members via a smaller, inflatable boat it had launched. The crew was able to toss survival suits to the three men on the Satori. But the waves were too much and the Satori’s stern came crashing down on the smaller boat. Both crews were soon hoisted up to a helicopter and flown to safety.

The Tamaroa’s work was far from done, though. It was soon sent to rescue the crew of an Air National Guard helicopter. The Jolly 110 had run out of fuel on a rescue mission in the storm and had to be ditched in the ocean. Bobbing up and down in the sea, the Tamaroa made several attempts over two hours before finally hoisting four of the five crew members aboard.

The storm claimed the life of Sgt. Rick Smith, of the Jolly 110, along with six fishermen who died when their boat, the Andrea Gail, was sunk.

The storm made national news but attention quietly died down. For years it was called the “No-Name Storm” until the Tamaroa’s exploits were documented in Sebastian Junger’s 1997 book, “The Perfect Storm,” and three years later in a film starring George Clooney.

Brudnicki said newer Coast Guard cutters would not have been able to make a rescue in “The Perfect Storm.” The Tamaroa was 700 tons heavier and sat 6 feet deeper than more modern ships. That allowed it to endure the hill-sized waves.

“We would not have been able to sustain the waves we took if we were in a more modern ship,” said Brudnicki, who retired in 2002. “Back then, they built ships to last.”

But only three years after the storm, the Tamaroa was decommissioned. It changed ownership several times and was moored on the Hudson River and then in Baltimore. A group of Navy and Coast Guard veterans formed the Zuni/Tamaroa Maritime Foundation, with the goal of restoring it.

After almost a decade of work and tens of thousands of dollars spent moving it to Norfolk, Va., the ship sprung a substantial leak in 2012 and saltwater flooded key parts of the vessel. Repairs were estimated to cost as much as $2 million.

‘Undersea memorial’

With few options, the foundation members resigned themselves to sinking the Tamaroa.

“I’d rather see her be a permanent undersea memorial than be scrapped,” said Bill Doherty of Rockland County, N.Y., who served on the Tamaroa in the late 1960s, when it was based in New York Harbor. “She has too much history for that.”

New Jersey and Delaware acquired the Tamaroa for $300,000, much of it raised through non-profit groups like the Ann E. Clark Foundation, which gave $90,000. It will join the Navy destroyer USS Arthur W. Radford 120 feet below the ocean’s surface on the Del-Jersey-Land Reef, which is managed by Delaware, New Jersey and Maryland.

The ship has spent months being prepped at a shipyard in Norfolk to ensure no PCBs, asbestos, engine oil or other hazardous materials end up in the ocean.

Harry Jaeger, co-founder of Zuni/Tamaroa Maritime Foundation, said sinking the ship is the best outcome. It was a workhorse boat that will continue to be put to good use, he said.

“You want to see it? Put on your scuba gear and it’s right there,” Jaeger said. “It’s the best outcome, given the circumstances.”

Not every piece of the Tamaroa will be on the ocean floor, however.

Lt. Col. Dave Ruvola, the pilot of the Jolly 110 whose crew was rescued by the Tamaroa during “The Perfect Storm,” heard the ship was in danger of being scrapped a few years ago and wanted a memento. The foundation gave him a porthole.

Today, it hangs at the headquarters of the 106th Rescue Wing in eastern Long Island in honor of Rick Smith, the pararescueman who died when the helicopter went down.

“It was the ship that saved my life,” Ruvola said. “So I thought it was fitting that we use a piece of Tamaroa to pay respects to Rick. He was a guy who gave his life trying to save others.”

Courtesy of north jersey.comUSS Zuni

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There is still a shipbuilder in the Dockyard

Awesome the old yard lives.

Chatham Historic Dockyard unofficial visitors guide

Turks carry out their repairs and builds in one of the remaining covered slipways.

This fully operational dry dock was used to build second world war submarines. After the war, the facility spent many years without being used. Turks Shipyard Ltd, originally a river family of boat builders and passenger boat operators, has since turned the yard back into a fully operational dry dock and slipway

visit their web site  Turks Ship Yard

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The reason Chatham became a Naval Dockyard

Chatham Historic Dockyard unofficial visitors guide

At the time ships were still built from wood and many suffered from attacks of a species of clam called Teredo Navalis. Chatham and the River Medway at this time were discovered to be free of them and so it was safe to both build and store ships in the location without risk of damage.

In the 18th century the Royal Navy resorted to covering the bottom of its ships with Copper plate to protect them , leading to the term “copper bottomed ” guarantee

more about Teredo Navalis HERE

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Littoral Combat Ship Damaged

The U.S. Navy’s newest littoral combat ship USS Montgomery has suffered a crack in its aluminum hull after being hit by a tug as the ship sortied from Mayport, Florida ahead of Hurricane Matthew.

The incident occurred October 4 and was first reported by Navy Times, which obtained the following statement from the Navy:

“USS Montgomery (LCS 8) sustained a crack to its hull while getting underway from Naval Station Mayport under orders to sortie Oct. 4. This crack resulted in minor seawater intrusion, but was contained by the crew. An investigation into possible causes is underway, and the ship will receive more permanent repairs upon her return to port.”

Citing another report, the Navy Times said Tuesday’s incident opened up a foot-long crack amidships along a weld seam about three feet above the waterline. The water ingress was reported to be about a gallon of water every three minutes, the Navy Times said. Five of the ship’s horizontal beams in the hull, called stringers, were also bent.

“As the ship was departing the [Mayport] basin, pilot requested tugs come along the starboard side to push Montgomery further from the quay wall and the aft landed hard on the starboard side,” the report said, according to Navy Times.

The ship did not need to return to port.

The incident comes about three weeks after the USS Montgomery, which was only christened Sept. 10, suffered two unrelated engine casualties within a 24-hour period while in the Gulf of Mexico during a transit from Mobile, Alabama, to her homeport of San Diego. The casualties are what sent the vessel to Naval Station Mayport for repairs.

“The first casualty happened when the crew detected a seawater leak in the hydraulic cooling system,” the Navy said in a statement Sept. 19. “Later that day, Montgomery experienced a casualty to one of its gas turbine engines.

“The built-in redundancy of the ship’s propulsion plant allows these ships to operate with multiple engine configurations. However, with the two casualties resulting in the loss of both port shafts, it was determined the best course of action would be to send the ship to Mayport to conduct both repairs,” the Navy statement added.

USNI News noted in September that the engine trouble was the fifth LCS casualty within the last year. The high number of casualties, mostly engineering-related, forced the Navy to order an “engineering stand down” for all LCS crews in order to review procedures and standards.

The Navy also announced Sept. 8 that it will implement several key changes to the projected 28-ship littoral combat ship (LCS) program that the Navy says will simplify crewing, stabilize testing and increase overseas deployment presence availability. Among the changes, the Navy will repurpose the first four LCS ships (LCS 1-4) to be single-crewed testing ships used mostly for training purposes.

The USS Montgomery is the fourth ship in the Navy’s Independence variant of the LCS, featuring an all-aluminum trimaran hull and built by Austal USA.

Uss Montogmery

Uss Montogmery

LCS ships design history

LCS ships design history

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